Types Of Laser Drilling

Laser Drilling

Laser drilling is a commercial procedure and an interesting research topic. Because it is non-contact, holes may be drilled in conventionally difficult-to-machine elements without causing tool wear. Brittle and high-strength materials are challenging to mill traditionally, yet laser drilling of brittle ceramics and superalloys is used in the microelectronic and aerospace sectors. Moreover, laser drilling is possible with all materials. Read this post to learn more about laser drilling, its definition, application, and it’s types.

What Is Laser Drilling?

Laser drilling is a non-contact procedure that ablates drilling holes in a broad range of materials using concentrated, high-density energy light. Lasers outperform traditional drilling technologies in terms of accuracy and speed, while cutting operational expenses. Consequently, they seek employment in sectors ranging from medical to automotive equipment manufacturing. They are mainly used in the pharmaceutical business, as they drill osmotic pump tablets rapidly while maintaining extremely high tolerances.

What Are The Types Of Laser Drilling?

Tapered hole forms, or straight holes, are influenced by material and ratio choices. Laser drilling can create holes with diameters of 10 um or more in almost any material element, such as glass, rubber, silicon, polymers, ceramics, and metals. Listed below are four types of laser drilling.

Single Pulse Drilling 

The hole is drilled with a single laser pulse. These types of laser drilling is an easy, efficient, and quick approach.

Percussion Drilling

This approach is similar to single pulse drilling; however, it employs multiple briefs and lesser energy releases, rather than one huge release of energy. Percussion drilling allows you to make broader, more precise holes. In addition, since every pulse evaporates fewer materials, you may drill holes with smaller sizes.


Trepanning drilling requires a laser focus spot, which is then surveyed in a spiral shape, beginning with this initial hole and rising in size until the appropriate diameter is obtained. The majority of the melting is ejected downwards via the pilot hole.

Helical Bits Drilling

In contrast to trepanning, no pilot hole is bored initially in helical bits drilling. The laser is often examined in a spiral pattern, eliminating a small quantity of material with every passage until the required hole is achieved. Whereas the laser is drilling in this circular form, the spot point may be shifted lower to guarantee the most effective material elimination at every depth of the material. Moreover, most melting material is thrown upward out of the hole during helical drilling. This technology is frequently employed to make huge dimension deep holes.

Applications Of Laser Drilling

1. Innovations in laser usage and controlling technologies have significantly increased the number of cooling holes found in turbine engines. The rising utilization of laser-drilled holes depends on various factors, including drilling speed and hole quality.

2. Turbine engine producers for aviation energy production and propulsion, strongly favor the utilization of lasers to drill tiny cylindrical holes on the top of machine parts, cast, and sheet metal at temperatures varying from 15 to 90°. At a pace of 0.3 to 3 holes per second, laser drilling may make holes at extremely shallow inclinations to the material surface. This has resulted in innovative designs, such as film-cooling holes for less sound, improved fuel economy, and reduced NOx and CO pollutants.

3. Laser-drilled high-aspect-ratio holes are utilized for various applications, including laser fusing parts, printed circuit boards, micro-vias, oil galleries in specific engines, and parts for aviation generator coolant holes.

4. Laser drilling is a technology that may create holes with depth-to-diameter ratios greater than 10:1 or high-aspect-ratio holes.

What Are The Advantages Of Laser Drilling?

  1. Laser drilling is cost-effective, accurate, and quick.

Because laser drilling employs a high-energy light beam to operate on the object instantly, the operation period is just a few seconds, resulting in an extremely quick laser drilling efficiency. High-efficiency drilling may be accomplished by collaborating with control mechanisms, high-accuracy machine tools, and effective lasers using a microprocessor for management control.

  1. Laser drilling may achieve a high depth-to-diameter ratio.

The depth-to-diameter proportion is an essential metric for determining the complexity of treating microscopic holes. In addition, the depth-to-diameter ratio of laser beam drilling is larger than that of mechanical and electric spark drilling.

  1. Laser drilling may be done on various materials, including soft, brittle, and hard.

High-energy laser drilling is not restricted by the object’s rigidity, stiffness, toughness, or fragility. It is appropriate for non-metallic and metallic objects that are generally tough to treat.

  1. There is no instrument loss with laser drilling.

Laser drilling is a non-contact procedure that eliminates the issue of drilling procedure deterioration that occurs with mechanical drilling.

  1. Laser drilling can handle a huge quantity of high-density cluster holes.

Laser drilling procedures can be performed hundreds of times without mistakes, since the laser drilling equipment can collaborate with the automated control system and the microcomputer, to combine light, machine, and electricity.

  1. Lasers may be used to treat small holes on the sloped surface of challenging objects.

Punching holes on an inclined plane is challenging using contact striking techniques, including electric spark punching and mechanical punching. The biggest issue with drilling tiny holes on an inclined surface is that the drill bit is hard to use.


Laser drilling is suited for, but not restricted to, industries that demand accurate and cost-effective material processing processes because of its versatility. Circuit board producers, turbine engines for aviation power production and propulsion, and the automobile industry have all benefited from the invention of laser drilling and its capacity to cut microscopic holes at modest degrees to the material’s surface.

Furthermore, laser drilling offers a simple, user-friendly operation, durable stability, and superior efficiency. The machine has a single laser distribution mirror to guarantee a consistent guide beam for precision cutting. Also, the advanced measurement contact probe enables low-cost equipment calibration and component placement.